Located in the heart of Transylvania, Sighisoara is among the few medieval fortresses in the world still inhabited, and it is not to be missed if you are planning a visit to Romania. Sighisoara will definitely leave you breathless, especially if you’re fascinated by medieval places. All the sights of this location have a special charm, which will make your vacation unforgettable. Here are 5+ places to see in Sighisoara
The Clock Tower
Initially built as a gate tower with a maximum of two levels, the Clock Tower is 64 meters (210 feet) and has massive walls, with four levels, a balcony and a baroque-style roof, all made in 1677 by three foreign craftsmen. On both sides of the tower there is a huge clock and different kinds of figurines, which hide interesting stories and legends, just waiting to be discovered. Since 1898 the tower has been transformed into a museum.
5+ places to see in Sighisoara
The fortress market
The market is surrounded by houses in which the families of the city nobles used to live, and most of them date from the 18th century. This is the place where the main fairs were held, and also the place where public judgment were held, under the eyes of the crowd.
Nowadays, you can enjoy a drink or a traditional meal here, and it’s also the perfect place if you want to buy souvenirs.
The Church of the Monastery
Located near the Clock Tower, the church is a beautiful architectural monument, built in Gothic style. If you visit the church, don’t forget to pay attention to a bronze baptismal font with an inscription in Latin, made by Jacob, the bell-ringer, in 1440 and decorated with mythological and biblical motifs and lily flowers.
Also, the altar of the church is one of the most beautiful art works that you will see in Transylvania, built in 1680 by the sculptor Johann West and the painter Jeremias Stranovius.
The towers of Sighisoara
Out of the initial 14 towers, only 9 are still standing today. In medieval times, each of the tower belong to a guild of the city and had a certain function.
The Tinsmiths’ Tower (Turnul Cositorarilor) – The tower is 25 m high and it starts from a square base, then becomes pentagonal and widens to become octagonal.
The Tanners’ Tower (Turnul Tabacarilor) – Its shape recommends it as one of the oldest towers, probably part of that first defensive system of the fortresses, apparently supposed to guard and protect the courtyard of the Clock Tower.
The Ropers’ Tower (Turnul Franghierilor) – Of square plan, with simple shapes, it is today known as the home of the guardian of the cemetery.
The Butchers’ Tower (Turnul Macelarilor) – This tower has a Renaissance influence, and was built during the 15th century.
The Furriers’ Tower (Turnul Cojocarilor) – Restored after the fire of 1676, the tower probably dates from the fifteenth century and it’s very close to The Butchers’ Tower.
The Tailors’ Tower (Turnul Croitorilor) – Is the second massive tower after the Clock Tower and was almost entirely destroyed in the fire of 1676, mainly because the locals used to keep there all city’s gunpowder, which exploded.
The Cobblers’ Tower (Turnul Cizmarilor) – The tower was rebuilt in 1650 and modified in 1681, and was provided with an artillery bastion, demolished later in 1846.
The Blacksmiths’ Tower (Turnul Fierarilor) – The tower’s purpose was to protect the Monastery Church in the event of a siege and was built in 1631.
The Jewelry Makers’ Tower (Turnul Giuvaergiilor) – The tower was struck by lightning in 1809 and burned down, and in 1863 it was demolished and transformed into a gym place. Later, in 1935, it was transformed into a mortuary chapel.
5+ places to see in Sighisoara
The Scholar’s Stairs (or the Covered Staircase)
The Stairs were built in 1642 to connect the lower and upper parts of the citadel in Sighişoara.
The main purpose was to allow people to reach the church and the school easily in wintertime, obviating the problems caused by the snow.
When the Stairs were constructed, they had 300 steps. Only 176 steps remain. Musicians play guitar near the Stairs.
The Stag House
The Stag House (Casa cu Cerb in Romanian) is the most preserved house of Sighișoara, and it was built in the 17th century. It was called so because of the stag head fixed on the corner of the building.
The fortress gates
The place was extremely well fortified, being protected by three giant gates. The first gate is located under the vault of Ciprian Porumbescu House of Culture. The second gate was closed with massive oak doors, reinforced with iron doors, and the third gate was only kept until 1867.
The Church on the Hill
The Church on the Hill is the most important monument of religious architecture in Sighisoara and is one of the great churches of Transylvania, being the third largest.
Located at an altitude of 429 meters, the church dominates the entire city. Most researchers believe that several architectural details such as slightly misaligned position of the bell-tower and choir demonstrate an evolution in stages, over several centuries, in the construction of this church.